Internationalization Plan of the Graduate Program in Public Health (2018-2022)
Knowledge Production to Drive the 2030 Agenda (Sustainable Development Goals)
Brazil has an important role to play in promoting the 2030 Agenda, considering the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Brazilian innovations in terms of public policies are seen as contributions to the integration of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of global sustainable development. Despite the existence of a National SDG Commission, which has its own Action Plan, the current political and economic crisis faced in the country represents a challenge to the adhesion to the SDGs. Thus, international cooperation activities in the interdisciplinary area of Collective Health represent a unique opportunity to build knowledge to boost the 2030 agenda.
The formulation of the SDGs involves the crucial concept of indivisibility of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. The specific targets of the Goal 3 (Health and Welfare), improvement for all, with reduction of inequalities, open a new chapter in the history of population health. The interdisciplinary area of Public Health represents an important pillar in building the knowledge to drive the 2030 agenda, encompassing: (1) the production of data and the refinement of methodological tools of epidemiology and biostatistics; (2) the analysis of macro- and microeconomic variables and indicators related to access to health and well-being and the health workforce; (3) socio-anthropological studies on political processes, socio-technical networks and the production of subjectivities around notions of health, well-being and rights.
For the production of data and the refinement of methodological tools of epidemiology and biostatistics, this project seeks to use robust tools for the establishment of causal inferences, including the analysis of longitudinal studies involving various topics related to the goals of Goal 3 of the SDGs, such as: effects of austerity policies on health, food consumption, social and environmental inequalities, lifestyle and mental health and their effects on morbidity and mortality data. Robust statistical methods will be used for these purposes, involving modeling of structural equations, factor analysis, data simulation models and new techniques of recently proposed time series, such as ITS (Interrupted Time Series).
For the analysis of macroeconomic and microeconomic variables indicators related to access to health and well-being and to the health workforce, instruments and mechanisms will be developed and used with a focus on economic models and tools for estimating the need, demand and supply of the health workforce, assessment and monitoring of human resources for health inequalities, among others. In this line of work and research, the objective is to contribute to the analysis of the distribution and incentives needed to increase the productivity and performance of the health system and its health workforce, including the requirements of skills and competencies, central to the development of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), of improving health for all, with reduction of inequalities.
With regard to socio-anthropological studies on political processes, socio-technical networks and the production of subjectivities around notions of health, well-being and rights, the approaches to the humanities, social sciences and health developed include mainly qualitative studies that cover: documental analysis, ethnography, as well as interviews, focus groups and life stories in and of the various areas and processes where health rights and policies are managed; diagnostic categories; professional and lay expertise on health-disease processes; therapeutic itineraries; production; circulation and use of drugs, technologies and substances, among others. In these areas and processes, particular attention is given to the intersectional production of differences and hierarchies of race/color, class, gender/sexuality, age and generation, as well as to pro- and anti-rights social movements.
In these theoretical-methodological approaches, Brazil enjoys a world-class position of excellence and the Institute of Social Medicine of UERJ has a history of partnerships that the exchanges and collaborations promoted by the CAPES-PRINT Program will improve.
11 faculty and 25 graduate students will be trained, 30 work missions will be carried out, international partnerships and international publications will be expanded and the SDGs will be incorporated into the curriculum of the post-graduate program of collective health.