Developing epidemiological and statistical methods for use in Collective Health
This line contemplates studies addressing the development of epidemiological and statistical methods, with an emphasis on the psychometric preparation and evaluation of measuring instruments; causal studies; strategies for dealing with missing data; geo-processing and spatial data analysis; analysis of infectious disease distributions; database linkage; and analysis of time-dependent data.
Social determinants of health and disease
Here the aim is to investigate the role of social and psychosocial determinants of physical and mental health and health disorders in general, with an emphasis on inequalities relating to socioeconomic position of origin and destination, gender, sexuality, generation and race/ethnicity. It includes conceptual and empirical studies using quantitative and qualitative approaches. It also seeks to interface with ‘frontier’ research topics in the biological and social sciences.
Aging, health and society
This line brings together studies of population aging in Brazil, including research projects on healthy aging, frailty, violence against the elderly, cognitive deficits and on the development of measuring instruments for monitoring the health of the elderly and health disorders more specific to them.
Epidemiology and oral health policies
This line focusses its attention on studies relating to oral health promotion and oral disease prevention; manifestations of socioeconomic inequalities in oral health; evaluation of policies and the effectiveness of dental interventions and services; and indicators and outcomes relating to individuals’ perceptions of the impact of oral health on their quality of life.
Studies of communicable diseases
This line comprises projects directed to analysis of the distribution and dynamics of transmission and research methods for studying and monitoring infectious and parasitic diseases that are public health problems in Brazil.
Socio-anthropological and epidemiological studies in Mental Health
This line comprises research directed to the Mental Health field, with a diversity of quantitative and qualitative focusses and approaches including prevalence and incidence of mental problems in different populations; identifying their determinants; policies and institutions in the Mental Health field; historical changes in subjective formations and their relationships with mental disorders; and conceptual and technical developments in Psychiatry, Neuroscience and Mental Health and their repercussions in Collective Health.
Nutrition and Collective Health
This line of research is devoted to investigations intended to characterise food intake and nutritional status in populations; develop instruments to assess them; study the relations between nutritional status, consumption and chronic non-communicable diseases; and evaluate health programmes and interventions directed to preventing and controlling the main nutritional disorders and their health implications at the individual and population levels.
Health and Environment
Research in this line focusses on the effects of environmental contaminations on population health, evaluation of the environmental risks of large-scale projects and the health impacts of climate change, as well as measures for protecting against and preventing major environmental risks. It also addresses environmental equity and the relations between urban space and health.
Public and private violence in Brazil
This line involves projects on the various forms of violence, with the main focus on community or family forms of interpersonal violence. It comprises projects directed to studying the magnitude of violence in Brazil, its determinants and health consequences and how it is addressed in health services, as well as socio-anthropological studies of conflicts considering the dimensions of class, gender and sexual orientation. The purposes of this line of research also include the transcultural development and adaptation of context-capture instruments, as well as new data analysis tools tailored to the problem.